Leaderless resistance

I am interested in systems oriented toward social change that are "leaderless." On this page I collect links to relevant articles I have found.

It seems to me that the advent of wiki software coincided (very loosely) with an increasingly "leaderless" approach to social/political movements around the world. Of course both have roots going back decades. I am curious about the connections.

I'd like to think about Leaders in "Leaderless" Spaces.

I've been trying to wrap my head around the reasons for the strong move toward leaderless protest in Portland's Black Lives Matter movement (and more globally). And better understand the benefits and the drawbacks. One story that caught my attention, and formed a learning moment for me, was around the Indigenous Peoples Day of Rage on "Columbus Day" a.k.a. Indigenous People's Day in Portland in 2020.

Motivating factors

I'm thinking about the Motivating Factors for Leaderlessness in both the protest world and the wiki world.


The history and origin of the term The Public Eye

The Atlantic , Nov. '19

Stanford civil rights scholar Claiborne Carson , June '20

Ryan Mills explored the idea of "leaderless" groups on the far left vs. far right: National Review

LA Times , Aug. '19

On Occupy Wall Street, CNN 2011